Financial Ratio

(Financial Statements) unit 2016 2015 2014 2013(1) 2012 2011
Financial Ratio
Gross Profit Margin % 85.9 84.5 83.1 81.2 80.1 80.0
Net Profit Margin % 14.2 13.3 12.2 8.0 2.0 -13.0
Return on Equity % 26.2 25.7 26.0 18.3 5.1 -28.4
Return on Asset % 3.9 3.6 3.3 2.1 0.5 -3.4
Debt to Equity Ratio times 5.6 5.9 6.4 7.5 8.5 8.8

(1) Excluding extraordinary items related to sale of investment.